Web Application Penetration Testing
Web Application Penetration Testing is done by simulating unauthorized attacks internally or externally to get access to sensitive data. A web penetration helps end-user find out the possibility for a hacker to access the data from the internet, find about the security of their email servers and get to know how secure the web hosting site and server are.
What are the types of pen tests?
- White box pen test - In a white box test, the hacker will be provided with some information ahead of time regarding the target company’s security info.
- Black box pen test - Also known as a ‘blind’ test, this is one where the hacker is given no background information besides the name of the target company.
- Covert pen test - Also known as a ‘double-blind’ pen test, this is a situation where almost no one in the company is aware that the pen test is happening, including the IT and security professionals who will be responding to the attack. For covert tests, it is especially important for the hacker to have the scope and other details of the test in writing beforehand to avoid any problems with law enforcement.
- External pen test - In an external test, the ethical hacker goes up against the company’s external-facing technology, such as their website and external network servers. In some cases, the hacker may not even be allowed to enter the company’s building. This can mean conducting the attack from a remote location or carrying out the test from a truck or van parked nearby.
- Internal pen test - In an internal test, the ethical hacker performs the test from the company’s internal network. This kind of test is useful in determining how much damage a disgruntled employee can cause from behind the company’s firewall.
How is a typical pen test carried out?
- Pen tests start with a phase of reconnaissance, during which an ethical hacker spends time gathering data and information that they will use to plan their simulated attack. After that, the focus becomes gaining and maintaining access to the target system, which requires a broad set of tools.
- Tools for attack include software designed to produce brute-force attacks or SQL injections. There is also hardware specifically designed for pen testing, such as small inconspicuous boxes that can be plugged into a computer on the network to provide the hacker with remote access to that network. In addition, an ethical hacker may use social engineering techniques to find vulnerabilities. For example, sending phishing emails to company employees, or even disguising themselves as delivery people to gain physical access to the building.
- The hacker wraps up the test by covering their tracks; this means removing any embedded hardware and doing everything else they can to avoid detection and leave the target system exactly how they found it.
Why do we need to perform Web Pen Testing?
To uncover the critical vulnerability within your application:
- It can provide an overview of an organization’s exploitable vulnerabilities and include recommendations on how you can optimize the protection levels
- Reveal problems that were not known
- Prevent business interruptions, loss and protect brand image
- Find both known and unknown hardware/software flaws which can be identified and fixed using automated tools
- Assess and validate the efficacy of an organization’s defensive mechanisms
TESTING TOOLS: Plenty of tools is available to software testers to help detect software vulnerabilities. However, some tools are more powerful than others.
• Open Source tools are easily available
• They identify almost all vulnerabilities
• Automated for scanning
• Easy to run on a regular basis
OWASP ZEB Attack Proxy: The OWASP zed attack proxy (zap) is one of the globe’s most famous free security tools and is actively used by masses around the world. It helps find security vulnerabilities on applications. It is used by penetration testers while conducting manual tests.
Paros Web Proxy Tool: Paros is a free of cost web proxy tool that is written solely in Java. Through Paros’ proxy nature, all http and https data among server and client, along with cookies and form fields, can be intercepted and modified.
Netsparker Web Security Scanner: Netsparker Desktop is an easy-to-use, yet powerful web application security scanner that scans websites, web applications, and web services automatically identifying vulnerabilities and security flaws in them.
Number of Questions: 120
Test duration: 3 Hours 30 Minutes
Test Format: Multiple Choice, Practical
Test Delivery: WPT EXAM, CITY-DADAR_CYBERTECH_INFOSOLUTIONS